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History of Zvíkov Castle

Royal House in Přemyslovec

The history of Zvíkov Castle, Czech Republic begins at the grand royal house in Přemyslovec. Zvíkov Castle is a prominent example of medieval Czech secular architecture. The initial construction of Zvíkov during the rule of Wenceslas I (1230 - 1253). Written records refer to Conrad, founder of the Lords of Janovice, as a burglary in 1234. Zvíkov was a favorite of King Wenceslas I, who was often staying here.

Pysemysl Otakar II eventually ruled the Czech lands (1253-1278), and continued to build the castle. He was appointed Herza as friend of Zvíkov in the year 1250. Under Herza, the main construction of the interior began, including the royal palace and the surrounding fortifications.

Zvíkov CastleIn 1306, Přemysl's house was extinguished with the assassination of Wenceslas III at Olomouc, so that the castle was ceded to Henri de Rožmberk. The castle obtained its greatest fame under Charles IV, who completely renovated it. Until the completion of Karlštejn Castle, Zvíkov served as a sanctuary for the crown jewels. The significance of Zvíkov as a prominent palace diminished when this difference was lost. Shortly after, the castle began to change hands frequently, as it was given as a pledge of service or monetary loans. Zvíkov was most often exchanged between two important and wealthy families - the lords of Rozmberk and the lords of Švamberk.

In 1429, when Emperor Zikmund was in possession, the castle was fortified by Taborites during the Hussite Wars. It was not conquered at that time. In 1437, Lord Oldřich of Rožmberk, leader of a number of respected Catholic officials, acquired the castle from the Emperor. Zvikov remained a royal castle again until 1575, when King Maximilian II sold it to the Lords of vamberk, as mentioned in the Land Registry. Amvamberks carried out extensive renovations in the Renaissance, but the castle retained much of its original character. The excellent immunization system enabled its defenders to resist aggressors, even during the Thirty Years' War. However, in the spring of 1622, the larger number Zvíkov garrison surrendered, and the castle was expelled by the imperial forces.

Eggenberks acquired the castle in 1623 and held it until their families died in 1719, when it was transferred to Schwarzenbergs. When this family was divided into two branches, Zvíkov belonged to the second, smaller branch represented by Marshal Charles Schwarzenberg, who settled in neighboring Orlic. He also made extensive renovations. The church and the two provinces were repaired and late Gothic paintings were discovered, but the walls were in such poor condition that in 1829 the new gate collapsed, after which a large part of the royal palace fell into the river. Later on, it was decided in 1880 to rebuild both the Royal Palace and the defense system. The original stone has a slightly pinkish color and is easily distinguishable from the reconstructed area. The work was completed before the end of the nineteenth century, and Zvikov was again a gem in the art of Czech fortification.

Ground floor rooms below the Ashlar Tower and the chapel are the oldest rooms in the castle (from the 13th century). The areas are vaulted on thighs or large arches. Brick cellars contain markers of mortar in the form of pans (which were one of the first large-scale use of clay in Bohemia). Many of the original panels were kept in the cellar. Narrow granite-frame windows narrow the rooms.

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